Case control study on hypertension

Data were collected between July and December All the participants belonged to Dravidian ancestry living in Tamil Nadu, south India.

The summary OR for the distribution frequency of D allele was 1. This bias may be reduced if data about the risk factors - exposure to certain drugs, for example - had been entered into reliable records at the time. Abstract Renin-angiotensin system RAS polymorphisms have been studied as candidate risk factors for hypertension with inconsistent results, possibly due to heterogeneity among various genetic and environmental factors.

Case Study on Hypertension

From the total of five experts, four were obstetricians from central hospitals in Vientiane Lao PDR and members of the Laos Association of Obstetrics, and one was a public health specialist who had experience research reproductive health reseach and worked at the University of Health Sciences, Lao PDR, for fifteen years.

The data collection procedure involved interviewing people about events that happened a long time ago, hence recall bias must have confounded the results. Those fairly well controlled mm Hgmoderately controlled mm Hgor poorly controlled!

While a case-control study can help to test a hypothesis about the link between a risk factor and an outcome, it is not as powerful as other types of study in confirming a causal relationship. Bauman A, Craig C.

View inline Effects of blood pressure control—Compared with non-hypertensive subjects, hypertensive patients whose average systolic blood pressure in the last five years before the index date was well controlled to below mm Hg or fairly well controlled to mm Hg had insignificantly raised odds ratios table 2.

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The suggestions from the anonymous reviewers of this paper are cordially appreciated. WHO,keep fit for life, meeting the nutritional needs of older persons. Inclusion criteria The subjects were selected based on specific inclusion criteria.

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Figure 1 illustrates the MDR interaction information analysis of all four polymorphisms studied gene, represented in the form of a dendrogram. Controls were either the non-hypertensive attendants of these patients or other female patients present in the waiting lounge who fulfilled the inclusion criteria for controls.

How to cite this article: The data collected include sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, risk factors, and data on hypertension and on periodontal disease: Interestingly, we have one of the highest number of pregnancies and more central obesity in the world which intensifies the risk of developing PIH and, hence, hypertension.

The authors thank all the patients and control volunteers for their participation in this study. Patients with no blood pressure readings recorded in the last five years had over five times the risk for stroke with wide confidence intervals.

To circumvent recall bias we limited the recruitment of the cases to mothers who recently gave birth within one week. The mean age of control subjects is years for males and years for females. Moreover, in a typical week those who eat vegetables once, twice, three times and four times a week are 0.

Our study showed a higher OR 2. This study did not measure central obesity and psychiatric comorbidities, the major risk factor for hypertension. Possible reasons for retardation in fertility change in South Asia. We can write a Custom Case Study on Hypertension for you! This was a case-control study involving patients of whom were hypertensive patients cases and non-hypertensive patients controls.

Stroke cases were identified from a district wide, population based stroke register between 1 July and 30 June with of general practices participating. In recent meta-analysis, the distribution of the D allele frequency was 0.

The advanced statistical analysis to test the relationship between the life style, behavior and hypertension showed that those respondents who never consumed alcohol were 0.Introduction: Hypertension is a public health concern worldwide due to its known consequences.

The literature has shown a close relationship between periodontal disease and systemic diseases, especially hypertension. The objective of this study was to determine the periodontal risk factors involved in the occurrence or severity of hypertension in a population of patients attending the.

The study was designed as case–control study to investigate a potential correlation between the presence of Martorell ulcer and pulmonary hypertension (PH). Echocardiography All patients underwent a complete transthoracic echocardiographic study.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension and low birth weight. A population-based case control study was conducted.

Hypertension. Essential/idiopathic hypertension (HT), the most common cardiovascular disease, with a prevalence of >30% of adults 1, is a major risk factor for stroke, heart and renal history data of affected individuals coupled with disease concordance rate in twins has established that both genetic and environmental factors determine susceptibility to HT.

Study design. This was a population based nested case-control study that used the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) database.

This is a large computerised database of anonymised longitudinal medical records derived from primary care. For the nested case–control design, we selected 3 controls for each case for the outcomes of heart disease (n = ), prepregnancy hypertension (n = 66), gestational diabetes mellitus (n = ), maternal hypertension (n = ), and preeclampsia/eclampsia (n = ).

Case control study on hypertension
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